This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. may predominate locally. It is also called Western balsam poplar and California poplar. It can grow to 150’ (50m) or more and can live 200-300 years. Here are some fun facts about these magnificent trees. In the Cottonwood-Willow Type, black cot - Black Cottonwood Tree Identification. 8225 Waters Road • Moorpark • CA 93021 • p 805 523-8604 • f 805 523-2298 Black Cottonwood Populus balsamifera subspecies trichocarpa Plant type Deciduous tree Size 30′ – 100’x25′ – 30′ Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. In the first, it is usually pure or predominant, but arborescent willows (Salix spp.) The more tender inner bark was used for food in the spring and summer, and old dead leaves were boiled and used in baths to treat body aches and stomach problems. Conservation: Black cottonwood is a very fast-growing and potentially large tree, easy to establish, and useful for shade and ornament. Black poplar wood is fine textured, soft and almost white in colour. Cottonwood Facts. Cottonwood trees grow throughout the south-west and into the Rocky Mountains. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Black cottonwood resin has disinfectant properties and has been used by Coast Salish people for sore throats and coughs as well as being applied directly to wounds to prevent infection. The Black Cottonwood, Populus balsamifera, grows mostly west of the Rocky Mountains and is the largest Western cottonwood. Distribution: Black Cottonwood is found from coastal Alaska to the mountains of California, with some growing as far south as northwest Mexico. Wet Wood (bacterial): Occurs in Cottonwood and Lombardy Poplar. Some male cultivars are available to homeowners, and hybrid poplar, also called Carolina poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus nigra) is also cottonless. I have very strong memories of cottonwood trees because I have come across them a lot in my explorations of Utah and the Rockies. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Traditional uses included cart wheels and wagon bottoms. The leaf has fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwoods. (See the section on Wet Wood in the Elm Disease section for details and control) Rust (fungus – Melampsora medusae): Small, yellowish-orange pustules on lower surfaces of leaves. Personally, I find that certain kinds of trees have a special kind of majesty. Black cottonwood is the key species in both the Black Cottonwood-Willow Type and the Cottonwood-Willow Type of the Society of American Foresters system of forest classification. This disease is caused by a bacterial infection. Pustules later turn dark brown or black. It reaches from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Black cottonwood also has been planted as windbreaks and shelterbelts and it is commonly used for screening along motorways in Europe. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. It is naturally springy and resistant to shock. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Poplar is native to Europe and western Asia. Some cottonwood trees have been known to add six feet or more in height every single year! Growth: Black Cottonwood grows very fast, several feet each year. 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